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Sabtu, 02 Juni 2018

Praktikum Jaringan Komputer dengan 2 router cisco

Bismillah..

Jumpa lagi dengan saya di tutorial komputer, dan kita akan praktek untuk konfigurasi router cisco dengan menggunakan 2 router cisco seperti gambar dibawah ini :



Konfigurasinya seperti dibawah ini untuk R1:

Router>enable
Router#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname Router_1
Router_1(config)#line console 0
Router_1(config-line)#password cisco
Router_1(config-line)#login
Router_1(config-line)#exit
Router_1(config)#
Router_1(config)#exit
Router_1#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router_1#write memory
Building configuration...
[OK]

Router_1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router_1(config)#line vty 0
Router_1(config-line)#password cisco
Router_1(config-line)#login
Router_1(config-line)#exi
Router_1(config)#enable password cisco
Router_1(config)#exit
Router_1#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router_1#write memory
Building configuration...
[OK]
Router_1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Router_1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0
Router_1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0
Router_1(config-if)#no shutdown

Router_1(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up
%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up

Router_1(config-if)#in
Router_1(config-if)#int
Router_1(config-if)#exi
Router_1(config)#in
Router_1(config)#interface fa0/1
Router_1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.20.5 255.255.255.252
Router_1(config-if)#no shutdown

Router_1(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
Router_1(config-if)#
%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up

Router_1(config-if)#
Router_1(config-if)#exi
Router_1(config)#exi
Router_1#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router_1#write memory
Building configuration...
[OK]
Router_1#show ip interface brief
Interface IP-Address OK? Method Status Protocol

FastEthernet0/0 192.168.10.1 YES manual up up

FastEthernet0/1 192.168.20.5 YES manual up up

Vlan1 unassigned YES unset administratively down down

Router_1#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C 192.168.10.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
192.168.20.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C 192.168.20.4 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

Router_1#

Konfigurasi di R2:


Router>enable
Router#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname Router2
Router2(config)#
Router2(config)#end
Router2#copy running-config startup-config
Destination filename [startup-config]?
Building configuration...
[OK]
Router2#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router2#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router2(config)#line console 0
Router2(config-line)#password cisco
Router2(config-line)#login
Router2(config-line)#exit
Router2(config)#exit
Router2#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router2#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router2(config)#exit
Router2#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router2#write memory
Building configuration...
[OK]
Router2#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router2(config)#line vty 0
Router2(config-line)#password cisco
Router2(config-line)#login
Router2(config-line)#exi
Router2(config)#enable password cisco
Router2(config)#exi
Router2#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router2#write memory
Building configuration...
[OK]
Router2#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router2(config)#interface fa0/0
Router2(config-if)#ip address 192.168.20.6 255.255.255.252
Router2(config-if)#no shutdown

Router2(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up
%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up

Router2(config-if)#exi
Router2(config)#interface fa0/1
Router2(config-if)#ip address 192.168.30.1 255.255.255.0
Router2(config-if)#no shutdown

Router2(config-if)#
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up
%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up

Router2(config-if)#exi
Router2(config)#exi
Router2#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router2#write memory
Building configuration...
[OK]
Router2#show ip interface brief
Interface IP-Address OK? Method Status Protocol

FastEthernet0/0 192.168.20.6 YES manual up up

FastEthernet0/1 192.168.30.1 YES manual up up

Vlan1 unassigned YES unset administratively down down

Router2#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

192.168.20.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C 192.168.20.4 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C 192.168.30.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

Router2#

Nah, untuk PC 1 kita berikan alamat ip :



Kemudian IP address di PC 2 kita setting seperti dibawah ini:


Nah, tugas kita sekarang adalah bagaimana ip di PC 1 dan PC 2 dapat ping/nyambung dan dapat sharing data.
Kita setting dulu routing yang ada di router 1 dan router 2 :

Router_1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router_1(config)#ip route 192.168.30.0 255.255.255.0 fa0/1
Router_1(config)#exit
Router_1#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
Router_1#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C 192.168.10.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
192.168.20.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C 192.168.20.4 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1
S 192.168.30.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

Router_1#

Kita bisa melihat dari tabel routing yang ada di router 1 ip address segmen 30 sudah muncul, selanjutnya kita konfigurasi route ke 192.168.10.0/24 di router 2, seperti settingan dibawah ini:

Router2#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

192.168.20.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C 192.168.20.4 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C 192.168.30.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1
Router2#confi
Router2#configure ter
Router2#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router2(config)#ip rou
Router2(config)#ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 fa0/0
Router2(config)#^Z
Router2#
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console

Router2#show
Router2#show ip ro
Router2#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

S 192.168.10.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
192.168.20.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C 192.168.20.4 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C 192.168.30.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

Router2#

Nah, selanjutnya kita tes ping dari PC1 ke PC 2 dan sebaliknya :


PC>ping 192.168.30.10

Pinging 192.168.30.10 with 32 bytes of data:

Request timed out.
Reply from 192.168.30.10: bytes=32 time=0ms TTL=126
Reply from 192.168.30.10: bytes=32 time=2ms TTL=126
Reply from 192.168.30.10: bytes=32 time=0ms TTL=126

Ping statistics for 192.168.30.10:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 2ms, Average = 0ms

PC>

PC>ipconfig

FastEthernet0 Connection:(default port)

Link-local IPv6 Address.........: FE80::290:21FF:FE97:61A9
IP Address......................: 192.168.30.10
Subnet Mask.....................: 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway.................: 192.168.30.1

PC>ping 192.168.10.10

Pinging 192.168.10.10 with 32 bytes of data:

Reply from 192.168.10.10: bytes=32 time=13ms TTL=126
Reply from 192.168.10.10: bytes=32 time=0ms TTL=126
Reply from 192.168.10.10: bytes=32 time=0ms TTL=126
Reply from 192.168.10.10: bytes=32 time=0ms TTL=126

Ping statistics for 192.168.10.10:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 13ms, Average = 3ms


PC>

Ok..berhasil guys dan jangan lupa baca alhamdulillah..
Ok sekian dulu praktek kita dan nanti kita bahas kembali settingan yang sudah kita buat dilain waktu.
semoga bermanfaat ya guys..